By , though, the French royal family had again made itself so unpopular that people were clamoring for democracy and the rule of reason over authority. When all was said and done, France entered the period of the July Monarchy and elected a guy named Louis-Philippe as "the people's king.
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We don't blame you. France's political history is a hot mess there for a few decades. In any case, the main point of all this discussion is to say that in , only a few decades after the debacle that the French Revolution became, France was once again a hotbed of revolutionary feelings. Part III will continue on cinema and, at the end, after an appendix on animated films, there will be a series of short chapters devoted to different media such as comics, videogames, karaoke, flash-mobs and parodies. However, the starting point of my research will be the printed documentation.
Les Miserables St Denis Essay Questions
In fact, at the end of Part IV, the reader will find a bibliography reporting the several editions of the novel I will refer to throughout this essay. Nevertheless, I deemed necessary to list them also in this chapter, but, be it clear, I am not willing to delve into a field whose rules I can grasp but that I do not actually feel mine.
Shilton based on the early life of Javert. Source: Archive S. I do not know whether it will be read by everyone, but I wrote it for everyone. In short, my reference readings and listenings have been: a full, paper edition of the novel in the original language; two video-books, one of which in English translation for Apple iPad, Android tablet, Kindle or Apple Macintosh and PC ; a shorten paper version; a full and a partial MP3 audio-book versions. I also partially consulted other paper editions of the novel in order to make specific comparisons.
Volume I — pp.
Volume II. There are many other full paper editions of the novel as well as video-book versions. Each one costs a few Euro cents as of Summer The end of Volume I, Fantine , corresponds to page of the reference paper edition. No edition date and place . YouTube several consultations in Freely available in Apple iTunes - iBook Stores, online edition.
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No edition date and place [public domain]. One of the strangers was a man who had stolen a loaf of bread, similar to Jean Valjean. The officer was taking him to the coach. The thief also saw the mother and daughter playing with each other which would be an inspiration for Fantine and Cosette.
A Cultural Bulletin
Hugo imagined the life of the man in jail and the mother and daughter taken away from each other. Vidocq became the head of an undercover police unit and later founded France's first private detective agency. He was also a businessman and was widely noted for his social engagement and philanthropy. In , Vidocq, already pardoned, saved one of the workers in his paper factory by lifting a heavy cart on his shoulders as Valjean does. He went to Toulon to visit the Bagne in and took extensive notes, though he did not start writing the book until In , Hugo saved a prostitute from arrest for assault.
He used a short part of his dialogue with the police when recounting Valjean's rescue of Fantine in the novel. During the revolt, Hugo walked the streets of Paris, saw the barricades blocking his way at points, and had to take shelter from gunfire. Victor Hugo drew his inspiration from everything he heard and saw, writing it down in his diary. In December , he witnessed an altercation between an old woman scavenging through rubbish and a street urchin who might have been Gavroche. He also slipped personal anecdotes into the plot. The story begins in in Digne , as the peasant Jean Valjean , just released from 19 years' imprisonment in the Bagne of Toulon —five for stealing bread for his starving sister and her family and fourteen more for numerous escape attempts—is turned away by innkeepers because his yellow passport marks him as a former convict.
He sleeps on the street, angry and bitter. Digne's benevolent Bishop Myriel gives him shelter. At night, Valjean runs off with Myriel's silverware.
When the police capture Valjean, Myriel pretends that he has given the silverware to Valjean and presses him to take two silver candlesticks as well, as if he had forgotten to take them. The police accept his explanation and leave. Myriel tells Valjean that his life has been spared for God, and that he should use money from the silver candlesticks to make an honest man of himself.
“Saint-Denis,” Books One–Seven
Valjean broods over Myriel's words. When opportunity presents itself, purely out of habit, he steals a sous coin from year-old Petit Gervais and chases the boy away. He quickly repents and searches the city in panic for Gervais. At the same time, his theft is reported to the authorities. Valjean hides as they search for him, because if apprehended he will be returned to the galleys for life as a repeat offender.
Walking down the street, he sees a man named Fauchelevent pinned under the wheels of a cart. When no one volunteers to lift the cart, even for pay, he decides to rescue Fauchelevent himself. He crawls underneath the cart, manages to lift it, and frees him. The town's police inspector, Inspector Javert , who was an adjutant guard at the Bagne of Toulon during Valjean's incarceration, becomes suspicious of the mayor after witnessing this remarkable feat of strength.
He has known only one other man, a convict named Jean Valjean, who could accomplish it. The men abandon the women, treating their relationships as youthful amusements. Fantine is unaware that they are abusing her daughter and using her as forced labor for their inn, and continues to try to meet their growing, extortionate and fictitious demands.
She is later fired from her job at Jean Valjean's factory, because of the discovery of her daughter, who was born out of wedlock. Fantine is slowly dying from an unspecified disease. A dandy named Bamatabois harasses Fantine in the street, and she reacts by striking him. Javert arrests Fantine. She begs to be released so that she can provide for her daughter, but Javert sentences her to six months in prison.
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Valjean Mayor Madeleine intervenes and orders Javert to release her. Javert resists but Valjean prevails. Valjean, feeling responsible because his factory turned her away, promises Fantine that he will bring Cosette to her.computavel.xtage.com.br/4562.php
Quotations from Les Miserables | Maoist Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia
He takes her to a hospital. Javert comes to see Valjean again. Javert admits that after being forced to free Fantine, he reported him as Valjean to the French authorities. He tells Valjean he realizes he was wrong, because the authorities have identified someone else as the real Jean Valjean, have him in custody, and plan to try him the next day. Valjean is torn, but decides to reveal himself to save the innocent man, whose real name is Champmathieu. He travels to attend the trial and there reveals his true identity. Fantine discovers that Cosette is not at the hospital and fretfully asks where she is.
Javert orders her to be quiet, and then reveals to her Valjean's real identity. Weakened by the severity of her illness, she falls back in shock and dies.